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Types of Hinges – How to Pick the Perfect Hinges for Door or Cabinet?

Types of Hinges – How to Pick the Perfect Hinges for Door or Cabinet?

Are you planning to give a facelift to your home? From paint color to texture selections, you’ve decided on all big items. But there are certain small things that can make a huge difference, and types of hinges are one of them.
Hinges are an excellent invention and used every day. The important part – we could not do even a day without them.

You must be surprised with types of hinges available in the market. And at the same time this makes your task to select the perfect hinge more complex. But the best interior designer in Bangalore can make the task much simpler for you!

Here we share with you all different types of hinges available along with their application and functionality to help you select the best hinge as per your requirement. The list had compiled by best interior designer in Bangalore.

Have a quick look!

Types Of Hinges

  1. Spring Hinge

They act as a solution for door closing as they offer adequate force needed to close the door. Usually, two spring hinges  fitted in one door. Every time you open door spring hinges will force it to get closed without needing your support or force.

Application
They used in interior doors.

Working
A spring hinge has a cylinder with a spring inside it that exerts pressure on both sides of the hinge in order to pull them together and close the door or push them together and keep the door open. It is possible to adjust the amount of tension in the spring. Hence, you can fit Types of hinges and door to fit your exact requirements.

  1. Pivot Hinge

types of hinges are designed especially for overlay doors, where one part is mounted on the bottom and other on the top of the door. They allow door is opening in both directions and deliver a seamless view.

Application
They are ideal for heavy-duty as well as light-weight applications.

Working
Such hinges  designed for mounting overlay doors. Types of hinges formed with two bent metal pieces joined together at a single pivot point. Bottom and top mounting pivot hinges sold in mirror-image pairs. One is mounted on the bottom and other on top of the door. Center mount pivot hinges notched intermediately into the door’s edge. Screws in elongated, adjustable holes attach the leaves to the frame and back of the door.

  1. Barrel Hinge

These hinges have an appearance almost similar to a barrel. They are easy to install through a hole drilled into the desired location.

Application
Offering low radius, these hinges usually used for gates and exterior applications.

Working
You first have to decide the perfect placement for barrel hinges to get adequate results. After deciding the placement, mark base and top with a square. Set an appropriate position of the fence. Center is a good starting point.

  1. Mortise / Butt Hinge

Such type of hinges is used for applications ranging from windows, doors, cabinets, and furniture. Brass and steel butt hinges are perfect for interiors.

Application
These hinges are used mainly for interior doors and made of steel mostly. However, if used exterior one has to take the risk of corrosion.

Working
A butt hinge is used to mount doors on commercial properties as well as residential homes. It comprises two leaves that match. One leave if attached to a fixed component like a door jamb while the other is linked to a moving component like a door.

  1. Continuous / Piano Hinge

These hinges are known as piano hinge because they allow users to lift up the top of the piano with ease. Usually, they run across the entire length of the flat edge of a piano. For this reason, they are also known as a continuous hinge.

Application
From toolbox, shower doors, to folding wall partitions, they can be used to cover the entire length of two objects and join them together.

Working
Piano hinges work best with bi-fold doors and hinged tables or counters. While installing this hinge, you have to measure a piano lid and lay it flat. Mark screw holes on the cabinet edge and finally tighten all screws.

  1. Case Hinge

These hinges are almost similar to butt hinge with the only difference that they have a more decorative appearance.

Application
They are commonly used in briefcases, suitcases, and a jewelry box to enhance their overall appearance.

Working
Case hinges are quite similar to butt hinges but they are more decorative and used in brief cases, suitcases, and other similar items. You need to screw the Types of hinges at an appropriate position and in order to avail the required functionality.

  1. Bi-Fold Hinge

These hinges are two hinges of distinct lengths that are multi-leaf enabling the panel or door to be opened in both the directions. They have numerous pivot points that offer a tighter swing.

Application
They are sturdy and durable and ideal for exterior as well as interior applications.

Working
Bi-fold hinges are used mainly in bi-fold doors used in bathroom storage closet, laundry room, and more. You need to screw the bi-fold hinge to each side in order to gain easy access to the closet. For this, first layout the hinge’s position on the door, align Types of hinges on the top edge. Mark the location of mounting screws. Now, drill on the marked location and install the hinges with the pin side.

  1. Concealed Hinge

Such hinges are also known as an invisible hinge. They are designed in a way so that you can see only the surface of the door. Concealed hinges consist of two parts, which are brackets and pivots.

Application
Commonly, they are used on furniture doors.

Working
Concealed hinges can be used in frameless or face-frame cabinets and on any type of door including partial overlay or inset as long as the door is at least 1/2inch thick. Locate the hinge on edge of the door and after marking location points just screw the hinge into the door.

  1. Flag Hinge

A flag hinge is mounted through a fixed pin on one leaf. These hinges can be swivel or rotate to full 360 degrees around the pin. They are manufactured as left or right-hand configuration.

Application
Usually, it is used in commercial doors, but can also be used for exterior doors.

Working
Flag hinges are the most commonly used hinges used on UPVC doors. These hinges offer excellent security and maximum ease of use, while still been able to bear heavy work load. types of hinges are attached to both the outer frame and sash of door to offer maximum security and load bearing capacity.

  1. Butterfly / Parliament Hinge

Types of hinges got this name because of its shape. The butterfly-shaped hinges are available in varieties of finishes. You can select a suitable color of such hinges to contribute to the overall appearance of your hardware.

Application
It is best used in applications where the hinge would be visible, like cabinets, boxes and other interior furniture.

Working
Butterfly hinges are ornamental hardware ideal to deliver seamless finish and look. Such hinges are available in varieties of sizes and you can avail desired functionality by selecting an appropriate size of the hinge. Also, do consider the screw depth so that the screw penetrates through and does not create cracks in the surface.

  1. Knife Hinge

A knife hinge is shaped in the form of a pair of scissors. It is usually used on the toolbox lids to offer support and convenient movement.

Application
They  used mainly in a toolbox or other types of the box where aesthetic appearance is not much important.

Working
An L-shaped knife hinge used on full inset doors. The smaller leg of hinge moves into where the pivot pin is set and moves the pivot away so that the door can swing clear of the door side without binding. Screw the bottom door hinge leaf into the place and carcase hinge on the opposite side. Be sure to drill by screwing steel screws of same size into screw holes. This will keep brass heads of screw from stripping or marring.

  1. Latch Hinge

These hinges combine a latch and a hinge in a standard piece of hardware. They may or may not comprise a spring release. The spring or Latch release hinge comprises a pair of spring-loaded handles, which is optional and aids pulling towards the center to release the door from the user.

Application
These hinges are used in cabinets as well as interior doors.

Working
Latch hinges include a hinge and a latch in a standard piece of hardware. Latch hinges include a spring release and could have pair of spring loaded handles or a single handle that pull toward the middle of the door to release the door from application.

  1. Off-Set Hinge

Off-set hinges offset the pivot point of the hinge. These hinges are attached as secondary hinges and are mainly used along with different types of hinges.

Application
They are used in cabinets, doors, windows, and furniture pieces.

Working
Off-set hinges are available in a range of shapes and sizes and often utilize the same screws and holes as on the existing hinge. Also, they work as an effective counterbalance required for a shutter or door for opening or closing the swing.

  1. T Hinge

This type of hinge is ‘T’ shaped. It is a commonly used hinge for gates and comes in varieties of styles. These hinges have a wide leaf and a narrow leaf.

Application
Doors and cabinets of various widths can be fitted well with these hinges.

Working
Such hinges are mainly used on chest lids, barn doors, and hanging signals. It is because they are not recessed like other sorts of hinges. You need to drill pilot holes and secure screws through the holes offered on Types of hinges and then screw them into non-moving surface first. Tighten them with a screw driver. Lastly, install the screws of hinge in the same way on the swinging object the hinge will be used.

  1. H Hinge

These are ‘H’ shaped hinges ideal for all types of uses. They are sturdy and offer lasting durability. Such hinges are available in different finishes like copper, steel, brass, and zinc. They are applicable for interior as well as exterior applications.

Application
They are ideal for cabinet, doors, exterior, and interior applications.

Working
Shaped in form of letter ‘H’ such hinges are mainly used on flush mounted doors. The smaller sized H hinges are used for cabinet hinges, while bigger size H hinges are used for closet doors or passage doors.

  1. Strap Hinge

Strap hinges are available in varieties of sizes and styles, from light to heavy duty. They are used in different sorts of residential and commercial applications including doors, cabinets, and gates. Mainly, they are made of steel with zinc plate finish that offers them great resistance to corrosion. Some strap hinges are also available in zinc plate black finish.

Application
Such hinges are ideal for use in heavy and light duty doors, gates, and cabinets.

Working
Strap hinges are used for heavy-duty applications. They have a gate plate and a post plate. Once you have selected an appropriate size of strap hinge, the next step is to consider its weight capacity, which each hinge having maximum weight loading capacity. Select an appropriate alignment of the gate plate and post plate. A straight line alignment is the best solution. Lastly, install the screws.

  1. Slip Joint Hinge

As their name suggests, such hinges can take apart things. They are easy to use and offer quick door removal. They are ideal when the doors need to be frequently opened and removed. Such hinges comprise of a male lead attached to a pin and a female leaf with no pin. They are configured left hand or right hand depending on the direction in which door needs to be opened.

Application
They are used in official gates and panels.

Working
Slip joint hinges enable the detachment of a door connected to a cabinet because it can be separated into the wings and pin. They are available in concealed, flag or butt hinge type. They are mounted on doors that open on one side. The two components of the hinge have two rotation pin housings each and one remaining on the exterior edge of the hinge can be closed.

  1. Extruded Hinge

Such hinges are constructed with aluminum. There are multiple aluminum leaves paired with stainless steel pins to give a sturdy construction. They are extremely durable but are quite pricey.

Application
They are commonly used in applications concerned with weight and durability like aircraft.

Working
Extruded hinges are cabinet hinge with knuckles that are machined to close tolerances. They are stronger and thicker than rolled-barrel hinges and are usually considered to be a step above the finest rolled barrel hinge.

  1. Multi-leaf Hinge

These hinges are made with multiple leaves. The number of the leaf is only limited to the length and numbers of knuckles in the hinge. Such hinges are available in different shapes and width. They are used where more than two leaves are needed.

Application
They are best used in sorting machines, manufacturing equipment as well as applications involving long furniture items.

Working
Hinges with various lengths and multiple leaves are known as multi-leaf hinges. They allow the panel or door to be opened in the same or both directions.

  1. Multi-Pin Hinge

Such hinges are used where there is a need of more than two pivot points. One can ask for numerous leaves that are assembled to each other. The width of such hinges depends on the thickness of the material.

Application

These hinges are used as gap fillers or in room dividers, console covers, binders, folding screens, and other things where multiple-pin pivots are needed.

Working

Multi-pin hinges are used in applications that need more than two pivot points. You can get customized multi-pin hinge as per your need. The greater the thickness of the hinge, the more distance is required. You need to install each pin in order to get firm support for your door.

  1. Stop Hinge

Stop hinges are used with a stop function and add a limit to the rotation. They  combined with offset and swage mechanism and can be designed to offer stop mechanism to almost any range of rotation.

Application
Cabinets, doors, and windows can be added with stop functionality by using these hinges.

Working
A door stop hinge is up and out of the way and enables the door to swing open around 100 degrees. A door stop hinge works best on lighter-weight doors as there is less mass to rack the hinge and loosen them. You need to close the door and use a straight-slot screwdriver to pry up and remove the top pin. Install the doorstep over hinge and reinstall the pin. You are done!

  1. Un-Hinges

Such hinges offer a quick release without needing any additional tools. A simple push of the knurled knobs retracts the spring loaded pins from the knuckles to release the leaves.

Application
They are used in doors and windows where minimum door movement is needed.

Working
You need to buy a un-hinge of right weight and install it to your door at the desired location.

  1. Weld-on Hinge

These types of hinge offer an aesthetically pleasing appearance. They offer smooth operation and come with lift-off functionality while eradicating the need for leaves and fasteners. In some instances, it can even replace butt, slip, or continuous hinges.

Application
They are used in tight-fitting situations or applications involving regular lubrication of heavy loads.

Working
Also known as bullet hinges, these hinges secure door connection and even allow easy removing of the door. You need to install the hinge on the door using the steel pin provided with it. Just mark the prefect location and pin in the hinge with its steel pin.

  1. Flush Hinge

Such hinges are quite smaller than the butt hinges because they allow just one leaf to fit inside the other. A benefit of using such hinges is that they do not need to cut a corner in the door or any other place where they have to be installed. Also, they don’t leave any gap or space between the frames thereby giving a clean appearance. However, they are less sturdy and not suitable for use in heavy furniture.

Application
Light furniture, cupboards, and cabinets can be fitted with them.

Working
These hinges do not need a recess to be cut into the door and the frame. You simply have to mark a location and screw in the hinge with the help of a screw driver.

  1. Double Action Hinge / Double Wrap Hinge

Such hinges are manufactured from a folded over sheet of metal and not curled knuckles. Typically, they are used on school locker doors that can withstand heavy loads and offer easy twisting where standard hinges might unwrap.

Application
These hinges are ideal for office doors or interior doors.

Working
A double action hinge comprises two connected hinges. Just like other normal hinges, one side is connected to the door frame while the other side is connected to the door. A spring is located inside the hinge that applies tension to pull the door back to the middle position.

  1. Security Hinge / Gate Hinge

Also known as gate hinge, these hinges are perfect for heavy-duty as well as lightweight gates or duty places. They are available in stainless steel, bronze, brass, and other materials offering excellent resistance to corrosion.

Types of hinges, are available in different sizes that can be selected with respect to the size of the door.

Application
These hinges are used in security gates at residential and commercial places.

Working
Security hinge has one leaf with metal folds that close into the leaf holes of other hinge. You can fix the bolts well without taking off the door. Just open it wide enough to drill into the edge and into the frame. Mark the location round the metal plate and gently tap the wood with a hammer. Then screw on the plates and bolts of the security hinge.

  1. Face Frame

These are the most commonly used hinges for cabinets. They have a slight frame moving around the opening of the cabinet. You can mount the hinge on one side of the door and another side of the face frame. They are hidden hinge and not visible from the outside.

Application
These hinges used in cabinets with a frame. If your cabinets are frameless, then you would need other types of cabinet hinges.

Working
This hinge screwed directly to the door and the cabinet without any mortises or special recessed being cut into the surfaces. The leaves  formed to wrap around the edge of door or cabinet side or face of the frame.

  1. Full Overlay Hinge

An overlay is a way in which cabinet doors are mounted to cabinet frames. Some doors  installed in front of the face, while others  installed inside the cabinet frame. Types of hinges ideal for cabinet doors that cover the complete face of the cabinet. They available in various styles and usually mounted inside the cabinet’s frame.

Application
Such hinges used in cabinets.

Working
Full overlay hinges designed especially for individual cabinets or the cabinets that either end on the edge. You can install them by placing them on the frameless cabinet and just pinning the screws with a screwdriver.

  1. Partial Overlay

This hinge is an excellent solution if you want half overlay in your cabinets. It used in cabinets with two doors that meet in the center and share a small partition or wall. These hinges a attached inside the doors and allow them to open near each other without hitting.

Application
These hinges used in cabinets with two doors and light weight.

Working
Partial or half overlay hinges  ideal for pairs of doors that meet in the middle of cabinets. They mounted on opposite side of the shared center position so that each door of the cabinet is able to avail smooth opening and closing.

  1. Inset

These are other commonly used hinges that have one narrow size that connects to the frame of the door, while the wider side connects to the inside of the door. The narrow part is visible from outside the cabinet. For this reason, inset hinges are available in various beautiful designs and finishes.

Application
These hinges  used in the cabinet to enhance the beauty and complement the design.

Working
These hinges mounted on the door’s frame and on the inside part of the door. You can install them without taking off the door. Just mark the location and screw them with the narrow part visible from outside part or surface of the door.

  1. Surface Mount

types of hingesAlso known as frameless hinges, types of hinges are used in doors and cabinets and mount inside the frame. They offer plenty of space to swing out without hitting the frame. It Easier to install and can be used on interior and exterior doors.

Application
Such hinges ideal for interior and exterior door applications as well as cabinets.

Working
Surface mount hinges connected to the right of the surface of your project. These hinges need you to recess the surface in order to connect them. You can use surface mount hinge to install cabinets, doors, and other pieces that need to be linked with a hinge.

Now, you know about different types of hinges as well as their application. But before you finalize a hinge.

some factors that you must consider

  • Do check for the material finish. The hinge must match well with your interior look.
  • Types of hinges must serve the desired functionality that you want.
  • Hinges  left-handed or right-handed and can have removable or fixed pin. Do check all the aspects before buying them.
  • Hinge made of a variety of materials, like copper, steel, brass, bronze, and pewter. Select a finish that complements the design of your door or cabinet.
  • Most of the types of hinges are available in different sizes. Pick an appropriate size to avail convenience.
  • Installation of some hinges is very easy but others that need professional assistance. Select a hinge based on the installation procedure.
  • If buying a hinge for an exterior door, make sure it holds great resistance to corrosion and damage caused by weather changes.
  • Pick a hinge that fits well within your budget range.

If you want more information about types of hinges, please contact best interior designer in Bangalore. The best interior designer in Bangalore will offer you finest assistance and help you select an appropriate hinge for your door type.

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